Humanity is at the end of an epoch that is very short in historical terms but has a decisive impact on the world: the age of fossil resources. Educating the people, particularly in the use of oil as an energy source and as a raw material for the wide range of plastics, so it’s about a “blink” in human history, the sight is in this century to a close.
Trees as a Renewable Source of Raw Material
How different is the use of wood? On the other hand, wood is like no other raw material, building material, and energy sources. It is connected to human and cultural history from the beginning and, unlike fossil raw materials, it is not coming to an end. However, it is experiencing a renaissance in the Transition to a post-fossil future that must be characterized by the preservation of intact habitats, sustainable energy solutions, sustainable technologies for saving resources, and sustainable use of renewable raw materials.
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Sustainability in the area of tension between ecology, economy, and social issues can only be successfully achieved by people and societies if the preservation of the natural foundations and the use of modern, intelligent technology is made as harmonious as possible through cultural impulses.
Ecological energy dimension of the wood construction
Construction is basically raw materials to a large extent and energy-relevant and one of the most important sectors of a sustainability-oriented, resource and energy efficiency and climate protection. In order to realize their goals and programs, important changes are required in the construction industry. These include the increasing use of renewable resources, carbon storage, the efficient use of renewable energy, and minimizing the “gray energy” as well as all energy expenses for building creation, operation, and dismantling. Instruments for recording, quantifying, and evaluating are, for example, life cycle assessments and life cycle analyses, which have already been successfully used to determine the climate and environmental relief of wooden buildings.
Energy balances over the entire life cycle show that wood and wood-based products, from production to use, maintenance, and disposal, can consume less energy than can be generated from the residues from production and end-use.
The properties of the raw and building material wood and the unique selling points of the forest-forestry-wood industry-wood construction value chain can be both a role model and a model for ecological product quality or a sustainable, energy- and carbon-efficient economy that uniquely combines nature and technology. This enables a new timber construction culture that can fulfill urban and landscape planning concepts and visions in a, particularly impressive way with architecture that is appropriate to the material and people.